Colorado map, USA

General map of Colorado live


History of the state of Colorado

First appeared on the map as part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. This Spanish territory of the late 16th and early 17th centuries included the southern part of the modern state. The Spaniards also coined the name Colorado , which means red. The reason for this was the red sandstone often found here.

In 1803, the United States bought from France part of the territory west of the Mississippi, referred to as Louisiana. The lands of Colorado were in disputed ownership, which led to a war over them between Spain and the United States. As a result, Florida went to the United States, and the territory of Colorado continued to be Spanish. In 1821, Mexico gained independence and Colorado became part of it. In 1848, the United States won the Mexican-American War, after which the territory of Colorado became owned by the United States, but was part of several of its states.

At the beginning of the 19th century, in Colorado , except for the Indians, there were almost no inhabitants. The first city of San Luis appears in 1851. In the late 50s, gold is found here, which leads to a gold rush. To organize the population that had grown many times over, in 1861 the Colorado Territory was created , which coincided with the modern borders of the state.

1863-65 went down in history as the ” Colorado War ” between the white population and the indigenous people, as a result of which the Indians were evicted to reservations in Oklahoma. Colorado on the map became the 38th state of the United States in 1876.

Location of the state of Colorado on the US map

The state of Colorado on the map is located in the west of the central part of the United States and is considered a mountainous state. Its neighbors are:

  • in eastern Kansas;
  • in southeast Oklahoma;
  • in the south – New Mexico;
  • in southwestern Arizona;
  • in western Utah;
  • in northern Wyoming;
  • in northeast Nebraska.

Location map of Colorado in the US.

Colorado ‘s capital city is Denver. This is the largest city in the state in terms of population – about 650 thousand people. On the Colorado map, it is northeast of the central part of the state in the valley of the South Platte River .

Geography of Colorado

The Rocky Mountains with the highest peak Elbert 4401 m (14439 ft) divide the territory of the state of Colorado into western and eastern parts. In the east, the mountains drop and pass into the Great Plains of the United States. The area is hilly and has a high level above the sea. To the west of the Colorado, the Rocky Mountains pass into the plateau of part of the Intermountain Plateaus. The lands in this region are deserted and are dissected by many canyons and gorges.

It is interesting. Colorado is the only US state located entirely above 1,000 m (3,280 ft) above sea level . The Colorado map is outlined with straight lines. The state is one of three states in the United States whose borders form a rectangle.

In the mountains of Colorado are the sources of several major rivers:

  • Colorado;
  • Rio Grande;
  • Arkansas;
  • South Platte .

The largest lakes are Grand Lake and San Cristobal .

Colorado’s climate is more determined by the Rocky Mountains than by geographic latitude. With the rise in the mountains, it becomes colder. To the east of the mountain range, the climate is continental with hot summers and rather cold winters, with moderate annual precipitation of 380 to 630 mm. West of the Rocky Mountains on the Colorado map, the climate is more uniform. There are arid places, in winter in most areas there is a significant amount of precipitation.

Major cities of Colorado on the map


The city of Denver is the county seat of Colorado and the seat of Denver County. The Okrug is home to 2.7 million people. On the physical map of Colorado, the city is located between the Rocky Mountains and the Great Plains. Denver city area 401 km2 (155 sq mi)

A feature of Denver’s economy is the predominance of private companies. The city is a convenient logistics center covering a significant number of US states located in the center, south and southwest.

Denver has one of the largest Hispanic populations of any major U.S. city . The city is attractive with its policy to attract a large number of young people. He is characterized by fairly free morals.

Colorado Springs

Colorado Springs is a large city in the state of Colorado with a population of over 600 thousand people. On the Colorado map, it is located 100 km (62 miles) south of Denver on the eastern spurs of the Rocky Mountains. The city is considered the capital of winter sports in the United States, the headquarters of the National Olympic Committee of the country is located here.

The city is an important military center. Colorado Springs is home to a large military base, two air bases, and the US Aerospace Defense Command.

About the city . Colorado Springs is a sunny city . There are at least 300 sunny days here every year.


In 2020 in the city Aurora had a population of 386,000 people. The urban population belongs to three districts that are part of the largest metropolitan area of Denver. Officially , the city is located at an altitude of 1668 m (5473 ft), while its vertical drop is 300 m. On a map of Colorado Aurora is located near Denver, slightly east of the state capital.

There are over 100 parks in the city. Major employers are US Space Force Base Buckley and medical centers affiliated with the University of Colorado .

Fort Collins

The city is located 100 km (68 miles) north of Denver at the foot of the Rocky Mountains in a semi-desert zone. 170 thousand people live in the city . Fort Collins is based on the campuses of the University of Colorado, whose scientific potential attracts high-tech companies to the city .


The city is located 9 kilometers (5.6 miles) west of Denver at an elevation of 1,682 meters (5,518 feet). Part of Greater Denver. Population 155 thousand people. It is the fifth largest city in Colorado by population . Major highways pass through Lakewood : U.S. No. 6 and Colorado State No. 121 . The area of the city is 115 km 2 (44.5 sq. miles), it has several lakes and reservoirs.

Locality State Coordinates Stations
1 Thornton Colorado - 0
2 Arvada Colorado - 0
3 Lakewood Colorado - 0
4 Fort Collins Colorado - 0
5 Denver Colorado - 0
6 Aurora Colorado - 0