The Republic of Ethiopia on the map can be found in the northern part of East Africa. It is the largest state in the region – 1,104,300 sq. km. The closest territory is Tanzania, which extends over less than 1,000 square kilometers. km. However, in Africa as a whole, Ethiopia is inferior in size to no less than a dozen states. Such as Algeria, Congo, Sudan, South Africa and others.
The largest river in the country is located in the west of Abbay, also called the Blue Nile. This name is explained by the fact that this water artery feeds the Nile and for some time it was believed that it was its source that was the source of the great river. The eastern part of Ethiopia is arid, and therefore it is more difficult with rivers, but Jubba stands out among them , already in neighboring Somalia turning into a full-flowing river.
Ethiopia has the highest average altitude among African countries. This highland is called the Ethiopian. However, all of the country’s highest mountains are in the north. Of these, Ras Dashen and Talo are the highest. The first has a height of 4620 m, and the second – 4413.
The climate in most of the country, despite its location in the subequatorial and equatorial climatic zones, does without extreme temperatures. Which is explained by the highlands. However, the eastern, lowland part suffers just from them. The semi-desert rocky landscape and relatively rarefied air make Ethiopia a place where high daily temperature fluctuations are not uncommon. The difference between night and day air temperature can be 15-20 degrees Celsius.
The capital of Ethiopia – Addis Ababa (population of about 4 million inhabitants) – is located almost in the geometric center of the country in the highlands. The nodal position of the city is also emphasized by the transport network.
Other major Ethiopian cities on the map of Ethiopia are:
Ethiopia is located in the northern, high-mountainous part of East Africa, west of the so-called Horn of Africa – the eastern tip of Africa. As can be seen on the map , the country almost entirely fits within the borders of the Ethiopian highlands. After the separation of the former province of Eritrea in 1993, she has no access to the Red Sea. Although the coast (in the Bab el-Mandeb Strait) from the Ethiopian border is only 50 km away.
The political map shows that Ethiopia is bordered by six states. In the north, it is the former province of Ethiopia that gained independence in 1993 – Eritrea, in the west – Sudan and South Sudan, in the south – Kenya, in the south and east – Somalia. Ethiopia’s eastern neighbor is also tiny Djibouti.
Most of the territory of Ethiopia is a high-altitude plain. It makes up about 2/3 of the country. Eastern Ethiopia is lowland. The highest heights of the country are in the north, where two peaks dominate, the height of which exceeds 4000 m. These are Ras Dashen and Talo. The first exceeds the indicated height by 620 m, and the second by 413 m.
Therefore, a significant part of Ethiopia is rocky high-mountain semi-deserts with small oases along waterways and in valleys. The eastern part of the country has even more difficult climatic conditions, fewer rivers and arid lands.
Despite the highlands, Ethiopia as a whole does not lack water. The western part of the country is rich in rivers and lakes. The largest river in the country is Abbay , better known in the world as the Blue Nile, which eventually absorbs almost all the waters of the western rivers of Ethiopia and carries them to the great Nile.
There are also many lakes here. The largest of them is Tana. It is flowing and so full of water that it supplies energy to the country through a hydroelectric power station built at the source.
In the east of Ethiopia, there is a shortage of water. There are few rivers here. Even the Jubba , the largest river in Somalia, does not seem large in Ethiopia.