Mexico City is nestled in a high-altitude valley, surrounded by towering mountain ranges. Situated on the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, the city's landscape is defined by the Sierra Madre Oriental and Sierra Madre Occidental mountain ranges. According to geographer and cartographer John P. Snyder, "Mexico City lies in the Valley of Mexico, a large valley in the high plateaus at the center of Mexico." Before traveling, be sure to look at the topographic map of Mexico City.
The city’s topography is characterized by a combination of flat plains, rolling hills, and rugged terrain. Its unique relief has been shaped by volcanic activity and the sedimentation of ancient lakes.
The highest point within Mexico City is Ajusco, standing at an impressive 3,930 meters (12,894 feet) above sea level. Ajusco, an impressive lava dome volcano, proudly stands as the highest point in Mexico City. Located within the city’s Tlalpan borough, this geological marvel adds a fascinating dimension to the area’s topography.
The lowest elevation in Mexico City is found at the former Lake Texcoco, with an elevation of approximately 2,200 meters (7,303 feet) above sea level.
Discover Mexico City’s fascinating topography by using our service to access detailed elevation maps of the area. See the detailed elevation map of Mexico City.
The oxygen level in Mexico City is lower than at sea level due to its high altitude, with the partial pressure of oxygen being approximately 18% lower.
Mexico City is indeed considered a high-altitude city, with an average elevation of around 2,250 meters (7,382 feet) above sea level. The city’s altitude can impact residents and visitors alike, with some experiencing altitude sickness during their stay.